The culture of India is one of the oldest and unique. In India, there is amazing cultural diversity throughout the country. The South, North, and Northeast have their own distinct cultures and almost every state has carved out its own cultural niche. There is hardly any culture in the world that is as varied and unique as India. India is a vast country, having variety of geographical features and climatic conditions. India is home to some of the most ancient civilizations, including four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.
The Web Cultural India

Saturday, October 1, 2011

Gol Gumbaz

Location: Bijapur
Period of Constuction: 1659 AD
Significance: Mausoleum of Muhammad Adil Shah

Gol Gumbaz
Gol Gumbaz situated in Bijapur district of Karnataka is the second largest dome in the world. The Gol Gumbaz is second in size only to St. Peter's Basilica, Rome. The Gol Gumbaz is 124 feet in diameter. The architecture of Gol Gumbaz is unique in the sense that the four minarets themselves are the staircases, leading to the top dome. Gol Gumbaz is truly an amazing architectural wonder as the dome stands unsupported by pillars. The most fascinating and remarkable feature of the Gol Gumbaz is its acoustical system. Even the faintest whisper around the dome echoes several times. The gallery around the dome of the Gol Gumbaz provides a wonderful view of the town.

Gol Gumbaz
The most striking features of Gol Gumbaz are the seven-storied octagonal spires at the four corners and the heavy bracketed cornice below the ramparts. The Gol Gumbaz was built by Muhammad Adil Shah in the year 1656. Constructed at his orders before his death, the gigantic Gol Gumbaz dominates the landscape of Bijapur for miles around. The Gol Gumbaz or Gol Gumbaz has a floor area of 1700 sq., height of 51 m. and a diameter of 37 m. The walls of the mausoleum are 3 m. thick. The dome contains tombs of Muhammad Adil Shah, his two wives, his mistress, his daughter and grandson. The structure in front of the tomb has been converted in to a museum. Other prominent structures in the Gol Gumbaz complex are a mosque, a Naqqar Khana, a gateway and a dharmashala.